What is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)?
IVF or In vitro fertilization, as the name suggests, is a fertilization taking place inside a laboratory or outside a living body. Generally, if we talk about humans, when sperm fertilizes the eggs inside a laboratory, the process is called as IVF or In vitro fertilization. Usually, the fertilization in human female takes place in the fallopian tube, however, due to some complications when this cannot take place; it is done artificially inside a laboratory and is termed as IVF.
There are some factors which need to be considered regarding IVF process, and here is a mention of them:
- In order to fertilize the egg, close to thousand sperms are required. However, only one sperm penetrates the membrane of the egg to fertilize it, but to ensure maximum probability of success typically 1, 00, 000 sperms are placed.
- After this, the fertilized egg is kept under the ideal lab conditions, so that it can reach the blastocyst stage. This stage is reached in 2 to 5
Doctors recommend liver transplant surgery when liver gets damaged beyond regeneration capability of the body. It may be because of a longstanding disease. In fact, there are several other reasons for it, such as hepatitis B virus, Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases, etc. Let us look at some of these diseases in detail because of which one may have to go through liver transplant surgery:
Complications of Liver Cirrhosis
Liver scarring and long-term liver diseases are the causes of liver cirrhosis. By itself, it may not cause much harm to the liver. However, liver may lose its functions over time and require replacement by transplantation procedure. Complications of liver cirrhosis include:
- Blood loss due to portal hypertension
- Liver failure leading to affliction of the brain (encephalopathy)
- Fluid accumulation within the abdomen (ascites)
Furthermore, liver cirrhosis may be caused by long-term hepatitis C or hepatitis B, autoimmune liver diseases, excessive alcoholism over long period, or
A liver transplant surgery is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a patient’s liver (whole or partial) from another person. It can used to remedy a host of adverse liver conditions and diseases, including those arising due to decompensated or diseased liver. Here are some of them along with their commonly associated symptoms: –
Liver conditions and their symptoms that may require Liver transplant surgery
Tyrosinemia Type 1
Yellowing of the skin
Excess bilirubin in the blood
How is the liver transplant surgery performed?
Liver transplantation surgery is a definite cure for a majority of the conditions and diseases that arise in the liver. The exact approach of this surgical technique varies in accordance with the medical facility, but the basic procedure of it is pretty much the same. Here is a
Everyone wants to live a healthier, disease-free life with no inconvenience related to health. But when people are asked about what they do to take care of their health, not all have good answers to that. There are common health problems related to human heart which in itself is no less than a source of life, pumping blood to all our body parts. Directly or indirectly, there are habits we follow in our lives that significantly impact our heart, making it weaker with time.
This is especially evident in regions of Punjab, including Ludhiana. If you would ever visited one of the cardiology hospitals in Ludhiana, your doctors must have advised to take care of your heart in ways other than just taking the recommended medicines. Changing your habits and lifestyle as per your health conditions is simply one of the best ways to ensure good health.
Here are three simple tips you should follow to care for your heart and maintain a heart-healthy lifestyle:
1. Increase Your Physical Activity Level
Classified as a kind of cosmetic surgery, liposuction surgery or lipoplasty is primarily involved with the surgical removal of fat from the body. This treatment procedure helps control multiple conditions arising from obesity. Some of these conditions and their subsequent affects are –
Excess fluid retention in tissues resulting in swelling
Fat accumulation under the breast tissues of men
Imbalance of body fat due to fat accumulation in one body region and subsequent loss in other
Benign fatty tumor formations in assorted body regions
The surgery procedure
Liposuction requires a skilled and methodical approach. It is usually conducted on the patient by a highly skilled surgeon. Here is a brief overview of the surgery process –
1. Administering sedatives
Before the operation is conducted, sedative and anesthetic drugs are administered to the patient in order to make him or her inert during the operation procedure. Sometimes,
Also referred to brain surgery, neurosurgery is a branch of medical treatments that concerns with surgical treatment of disorders pertaining to the nervous system, brain, spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves.
For effective treatment, neurosurgery employs many different techniques and procedures to help combat the ailment. Some of the primary neurosurgical procedures are –
Conventional open surgery – In this, a large hole is created on the skull to access the patient’s brain through it, and then operate on it.
Microsurgery – In this surgery, the neurosurgeon operates on thin nerve fibers with the aid of an operating microscope.
Stereotaxy - The surgeon uses optical imagery to create a 3-D image of a minute part of the brain, and then uses it as guidance to operate. A minimal incision is required in this procedure.
Endovascular Neurosurgery – Using catheter tubes and radiological treatments, the surgeon treats conditions in the brain and the central nervous system.
Ear, nose, and throat are important organs of human body visibly exposed to the external environment, which is why they demand extra care to stay protected from allergies due to fungal infections and bacteria. Some of the common diseases or problems which affect the ear, nose and throat are listed below:
1. Allergic Rhinitis :-
Allergic rhinitis is caused when some allergy-causing substance comes into contact with the nose, ears, eyes, sinuses, and throat. These allergy-causing substances are known as allergens. Some of the common examples include pollens, moulds, dust, animal dander and many more. The common signs and symptoms include watery eyes, itchy or runny nose, nasal and head congestion, lethargy, gut itchy throat, sneezing, postnasal drainage, itchiness and fatigue.
In case any of these symptoms are noticed, the person should seek immediate medication and consider visiting ENT specialist in Delhi or any other city.
Ear Related Problems
2. Outer ear infections:
In rare circumstances, some children are born with a heart defect or disease which, if not treated properly, can prove to be fatal. These are called Critical Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD), and they are of the following types:
1.) Aortic Valve Stenosis
It is an uncommon but serious heart defect which makes up for 5% of congenital heart disease. When aortic valve, the valve which controls the flow of blood from the left ventricle to aorta, is narrowed, this condition is called Aortic Valve Stenosis. This lowers the amount of oxygen-rich blood flowing from the heart to other organs of the body and, thus, heart muscles thicken because they have to work harder to pump blood.
2.) Coarctation of Aorta
Coarctation of Aorta (CoAo) is when the Aorta itself is narrowed and less blood flows through it. This can occur either by itself or in combination with other heart defects. The most common heart defect that occurs with CoA is patent ductus arteriosus or ventricular septal defect.
The human brain is one of the most important parts of the body. It controls every aspect of the body, from nervous impulses, to stress and strain, to thoughts to body movement and motor functions, to breathing. This is why; protecting the brain from any damage is important for smooth functioning of body. And even in case of any brain related concerns always look for immediate diagnosis and best treatment.
Various disorders that may develop in the brain
Whether due to an injury or due to a genetic disorder, or cause of an infectious disease, brain disorders are likely to form in the body for various reasons. These disorders are known to adversely affect the entire nervous system and cause a number of disabilities and crippling effects. Some of them include –
- Cerebral Contusion
- Cerebral edema
- Body or regional paralysis
- Parkinson’s disease
- Huntington’s disease
Non-surgical and surgical treatments for brain disorders
The brain is