Sleep apnea is a disorder in which breathing is concisely and recurrently disturbed while an individual is sleeping. The word "apnea" refers to a breathing gap that lasts at least for ten seconds.
To detect sleep apnea an assessment is carried out which often involves an overnight monitoring at a sleep center that observes the patient’s breathing and other body functions during their sleep. Certain tests to detect sleep apnea include:
Nocturnal Polysomnography: During this test, the patient is connected to equipment that monitors their breathing patterns; heart, lung and brain activity; arm and leg movements; and blood oxygen levels while the patient is sleeping.
Home sleep tests: The patient can also use a home sleep test to detect sleep apnea. The doctor may provide you a simpler test that will be able measure the patient’s heart rate, blood oxygen levels, and breathing patterns.
If the result of the test is not normal, the doctor will prescribe a therapy to treat the sleeping
The ribs are usually linked to the breastbone by hard, protective tissue called cartilage. If the cartilage gets inflamed, then that condition is called costochondritis or chest wall pain. The condition is very temporary, but it can scare anyone, as the pain gives the feeling of a heart ailment. The condition improves on its own with home treatments. There are several symptoms of costochondritis, which will be discussed underneath.
Treatment of costochondritis
Doctors usually treat costochondritis in a normal manner. They basically ask patients to take rest and avoiding strenuous exercise, affecting the chest wall. In rare cases, a doctor might opt for injections of lidocaine or corticosteroids to minimize pain and inflammation. Other treatments that may help to relieve chest pain include:
- Applying moist heat via warm compresses.
- Taking cough suppressants to ease coughing and bring down pressure to the cartilage.
- Physical therapy to ease tension in the chest wall.
Mouth cancer, or oral cancer as it is also known, is the growth of sore patches in the mouth. These can grow on lips, tongue, palate, inside of the cheeks, gums, etc. Mouth cancer can be fatal, if is not diagnosed early and treated on time.
Symptoms of Mouth Cancer
- Unexplained bleeding in mouth
- Development of velvety red, white, or white & red speckled patches in the mouth.
- Soreness in the throat, making it difficult to swallow
- Hoarseness in voice and difficulty in speaking
- Swelling or formation of lumps in the mouth
Risk Factors of Mouth Cancer
It has been observed that men are more likely to be affected by mouth cancer than women. Furthermore, men above the age of 50 are at greatest risk. Risk factors of mouth cancer include:
- Smoking: People who smoke pipe, cigars, and/or cigarettes are six times more likely to be affected by mouth cancer.
- Tobacco: Consumption of tobacco in the form of snuff, dip, or even by chewing increases the risk of developing the mouth cancer by 50 times.
What is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)?
IVF or In vitro fertilization, as the name suggests, is a fertilization taking place inside a laboratory or outside a living body. Generally, if we talk about humans, when sperm fertilizes the eggs inside a laboratory, the process is called as IVF or In vitro fertilization. Usually, the fertilization in human female takes place in the fallopian tube, however, due to some complications when this cannot take place; it is done artificially inside a laboratory and is termed as IVF.
There are some factors which need to be considered regarding IVF process, and here is a mention of them:
- In order to fertilize the egg, close to thousand sperms are required. However, only one sperm penetrates the membrane of the egg to fertilize it, but to ensure maximum probability of success typically 1, 00, 000 sperms are placed.
- After this, the fertilized egg is kept under the ideal lab conditions, so that it can reach the blastocyst stage. This stage is reached in 2 to 5
Doctors recommend liver transplant surgery when liver gets damaged beyond regeneration capability of the body. It may be because of a longstanding disease. In fact, there are several other reasons for it, such as hepatitis B virus, Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases, etc. Let us look at some of these diseases in detail because of which one may have to go through liver transplant surgery:
Complications of Liver Cirrhosis
Liver scarring and long-term liver diseases are the causes of liver cirrhosis. By itself, it may not cause much harm to the liver. However, liver may lose its functions over time and require replacement by transplantation procedure. Complications of liver cirrhosis include:
- Blood loss due to portal hypertension
- Liver failure leading to affliction of the brain (encephalopathy)
- Fluid accumulation within the abdomen (ascites)
Furthermore, liver cirrhosis may be caused by long-term hepatitis C or hepatitis B, autoimmune liver diseases, excessive alcoholism over long period, or
A liver transplant surgery is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a patient’s liver (whole or partial) from another person. It can used to remedy a host of adverse liver conditions and diseases, including those arising due to decompensated or diseased liver. Here are some of them along with their commonly associated symptoms: –
Liver conditions and their symptoms that may require Liver transplant surgery
Tyrosinemia Type 1
Yellowing of the skin
Excess bilirubin in the blood
How is the liver transplant surgery performed?
Liver transplantation surgery is a definite cure for a majority of the conditions and diseases that arise in the liver. The exact approach of this surgical technique varies in accordance with the medical facility, but the basic procedure of it is pretty much the same. Here is a
Everyone wants to live a healthier, disease-free life with no inconvenience related to health. But when people are asked about what they do to take care of their health, not all have good answers to that. There are common health problems related to human heart which in itself is no less than a source of life, pumping blood to all our body parts. Directly or indirectly, there are habits we follow in our lives that significantly impact our heart, making it weaker with time.
This is especially evident in regions of Punjab, including Ludhiana. If you would ever visited one of the cardiology hospitals in Ludhiana, your doctors must have advised to take care of your heart in ways other than just taking the recommended medicines. Changing your habits and lifestyle as per your health conditions is simply one of the best ways to ensure good health.
Here are three simple tips you should follow to care for your heart and maintain a heart-healthy lifestyle:
1. Increase Your Physical Activity Level
Classified as a kind of cosmetic surgery, liposuction surgery or lipoplasty is primarily involved with the surgical removal of fat from the body. This treatment procedure helps control multiple conditions arising from obesity. Some of these conditions and their subsequent affects are –
Excess fluid retention in tissues resulting in swelling
Fat accumulation under the breast tissues of men
Imbalance of body fat due to fat accumulation in one body region and subsequent loss in other
Benign fatty tumor formations in assorted body regions
The surgery procedure
Liposuction requires a skilled and methodical approach. It is usually conducted on the patient by a highly skilled surgeon. Here is a brief overview of the surgery process –
1. Administering sedatives
Before the operation is conducted, sedative and anesthetic drugs are administered to the patient in order to make him or her inert during the operation procedure. Sometimes,
Also referred to brain surgery, neurosurgery is a branch of medical treatments that concerns with surgical treatment of disorders pertaining to the nervous system, brain, spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves.
For effective treatment, neurosurgery employs many different techniques and procedures to help combat the ailment. Some of the primary neurosurgical procedures are –
Conventional open surgery – In this, a large hole is created on the skull to access the patient’s brain through it, and then operate on it.
Microsurgery – In this surgery, the neurosurgeon operates on thin nerve fibers with the aid of an operating microscope.
Stereotaxy - The surgeon uses optical imagery to create a 3-D image of a minute part of the brain, and then uses it as guidance to operate. A minimal incision is required in this procedure.
Endovascular Neurosurgery – Using catheter tubes and radiological treatments, the surgeon treats conditions in the brain and the central nervous system.
Ear, nose, and throat are important organs of human body visibly exposed to the external environment, which is why they demand extra care to stay protected from allergies due to fungal infections and bacteria. Some of the common diseases or problems which affect the ear, nose and throat are listed below:
1. Allergic Rhinitis :-
Allergic rhinitis is caused when some allergy-causing substance comes into contact with the nose, ears, eyes, sinuses, and throat. These allergy-causing substances are known as allergens. Some of the common examples include pollens, moulds, dust, animal dander and many more. The common signs and symptoms include watery eyes, itchy or runny nose, nasal and head congestion, lethargy, gut itchy throat, sneezing, postnasal drainage, itchiness and fatigue.
In case any of these symptoms are noticed, the person should seek immediate medication and consider visiting ENT specialist in Delhi or any other city.
Ear Related Problems
2. Outer ear infections: