Also referred to brain surgery, neurosurgery is a branch of medical treatments that concerns with surgical treatment of disorders pertaining to the nervous system, brain, spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves.
For effective treatment, neurosurgery employs many different techniques and procedures to help combat the ailment. Some of the primary neurosurgical procedures are –
Conventional open surgery – In this, a large hole is created on the skull to access the patient’s brain through it, and then operate on it.
Microsurgery – In this surgery, the neurosurgeon operates on thin nerve fibers with the aid of an operating microscope.
Stereotaxy - The surgeon uses optical imagery to create a 3-D image of a minute part of the brain, and then uses it as guidance to operate. A minimal incision is required in this procedure.
Endovascular Neurosurgery – Using catheter tubes and radiological treatments, the surgeon treats conditions in the brain and the central nervous system.