Doctors recommend liver transplant surgery when liver gets damaged beyond regeneration capability of the body. It may be because of a longstanding disease. In fact, there are several other reasons for it, such as hepatitis B virus, Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases, etc. Let us look at some of these diseases in detail because of which one may have to go through liver transplant surgery:
Complications of Liver Cirrhosis
Liver scarring and long-term liver diseases are the causes of liver cirrhosis. By itself, it may not cause much harm to the liver. However, liver may lose its functions over time and require replacement by transplantation procedure. Complications of liver cirrhosis include:
- Blood loss due to portal hypertension
- Liver failure leading to affliction of the brain (encephalopathy)
- Fluid accumulation within the abdomen (ascites)
Furthermore, liver cirrhosis may be caused by long-term hepatitis C or hepatitis B, autoimmune liver diseases, excessive alcoholism over long period, or hereditary liver diseases.
An autoimmune disease takes place in the body when it fails to accept an organ as one of its own and develops antibodies against it. This can lead to severe disorders. In autoimmune hepatitis, the body isn’t able to identify liver as one of its own and develops antibodies to attack liver tissues. This can further lead to liver failure for which you may need to go through liver transplant.
Drug overdose due to drugs like Paracetamol and Acetaminophen can lead to sudden liver failure. Consequently, liver transplant becomes necessary. These medicines are prescribed for migraines, headaches, toothaches, backaches, flus, and fevers. However, it is easier to overdose on these drugs because of the general habit of consuming tablets whenever an individual feels uneasy or shows signs of aforementioned medical conditions.
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a type of chronic inflammation in liver, which may lead you to have liver transplant surgery. This disease often results in liver failure after several years.
Other reasons for a liver transplant surgery include metabolic diseases like Tyrosinemia, Glycogen Storage Diseases, Wilson’s Diseases, etc., and liver cancer. Liver Transplant in India is an important and expensive procedure. So make sure that whichever surgeon you go to for the surgery has adequate experience and expertise.